More than a quarter of Americans get their prescriptions from a pharmacy, but a growing number are turning to compounding pharmacies to fill prescriptions for their pets.
The move is increasingly common, with pet owners often relying on a third party to fill their pet’s prescription, according to a report by Pet Pharmacy Journal.
Pet-friendly compounding facilities are getting bigger and more prevalent, but they’re often operating without FDA approval.
The FDA doesn’t require compounding businesses to follow a strict quality control program, and compounding companies are exempt from certain federal and state regulations, including the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
But that exemption isn’t enough to shield compounding firms from scrutiny.
As of last week, compounding is already subject to a number of state and federal laws.
The list includes regulations about what kinds of products can be used in compounding, the use of a specific product, and the amount of a drug a pet can take.
In recent years, the FDA has cracked down on compounding for a variety of reasons.
The agency found that compounding can cause side effects that can be serious, such as the death of pets.
In 2017, the agency banned compounding in the United States for the first time.
In 2018, the government announced it would impose stricter regulations on compounders.
In 2019, the federal government launched an investigation into compounding operations, after compounding drugstores started dispensing medications in bulk and then selling them to customers, potentially hurting patients.
The FDA said that some of the drug companies that profited from compounding were responsible for more than half of the deaths from opioid overdoses.
Pet owners are increasingly opting to use a third-party to fill pet prescriptions.
Some companies are offering discounts to pet owners who use compounding.
And while there’s no set definition of how much pet owners can take, many say their pets can take as much as 80 to 100 times their body weight in drugs.
“There’s a big difference between a pet’s body weight and a pet taking 100 times its body weight,” said Julie A. Miller, executive director of Pet Pharmacist.
“If you’re not careful, it can cause the pet to die.”
The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) estimates that there are about 9,000 pet compounding centers in the U.S., with about half of those in the West.
The other half are located in Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Compounding has a long history.
Compounders started out as pharmacies that filled prescription drugs.
But in the 1970s, the pharmaceutical industry began to see a shift toward using more prescription drugs, with the popularity of OxyContin and other painkillers.
By the 1980s, pet compounder companies began offering prescription drugs as a way to help veterinarians lower costs.
The practice eventually grew to include pet owners and other pet owners as well.
In the early 1990s, Congress passed the Compassionate Use Act, which created a legal framework for pet compaction.
But that was a lot more complicated than it looks in the video above.
The act stipulates that a veterinarian must first obtain a license to prescribe a veterinary medication.
It also requires the veterinarian to obtain the permission of the person who gets their prescription from the pet owner, who must sign a contract stating that they’ll pay a percentage of the price of the prescription.
Pet compounding isn’t regulated by the FDA.
The VAAMA estimates that only about 30 percent of veterinary medications are approved by the VAAMC.
There are also no federal standards for how many pets are allowed to be treated in pet compacting facilities, the AVMA says.
But it’s easy to see how pet compacts can be lucrative.
The AVMA estimates that pet compactions can cost the average pet owner about $100 a year.
The industry says its profit margins range from 30 percent to 60 percent.
The AVMA also says that compound doctors often charge a fee to pet compagnons to help cover the cost of medication.
The fee is sometimes lower than the price a pet will receive from a veterinarian.
That fee is typically waived if the pet is under 18 years old.
Pet Compounding companies aren’t exempt from some regulations.
Some states have laws that require componants to have specific guidelines in place about the types of medications they can use.
Compounding has also been a source of controversy in states like Tennessee and North Dakota.
In 2019, state lawmakers passed an amendment to the Compensatory Pet Compounding Act that would require pet companies to provide certain disclosures.
The amendment was sponsored by state Rep. Tom Kelly, R-Eugene, who said the bill was meant to protect the animals’ safety.
But it didn’t pass the Senate, and it wasn’t voted on in the House.
“I believe it’s an unnecessary, dangerous regulatory overreach, and I’m disappointed in the Senate for voting against it,” Kelly told the Austin American-